By Everett Ferguson
Lengthy serving as a customary creation to the area of the early church, Backgrounds of Early Christianity is now on hand in an elevated, updated 3rd variation. that includes ninety five pictures of the traditional global, this ebook explores--now in even better intensity -- the Roman, Greek, and Jewish political, social, spiritual, and philosophical backgrounds invaluable for a very good ancient knowing of the hot testomony and the early church. New to this version are giant revisions of Everett Ferguson's unique fabric, an up-to-date bibliography, and clean discussions of social existence within the first-century, of Gnosticism, and of the useless Sea Scrolls and different Jewish literature.
This ebook is a wonderful advent to the old, cultural, social, fiscal, and political backgrounds of the days earlier than, in the course of, and after the beginnings of Christianity, i.e., from 330 B.C. to A.D. 330, from Alexander the good to Constantine. It fantastically enhances the research of the recent testomony. It has helped me try and make ideas within the Gospels concrete which, at the start, appeared to be abstact.
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The Romans: An Introduction to Their History and Civilization. Berkeley, 1984· Ridley, R. T. History of Rome: A Documented Analysis. Rome, 1987. C. D. 14) Octavian (later called Augustus) had absolute power. He secured election as consul every year, but this was not the basis of his power. He was a despot by universal consent, yet he realized that this was not a satisfactory position. He understood the new situation and its needs: there had to be a strong hand (Rome had to have a central policy for the frontiers and could not continue just to meet emergencies); there could be no overt absolutism, which would 7.
However, there was a native revival, paralleled by a policy on the part of the kings of promoting Egyptian culture. C. in order to preserve the balance of power in the east saved the dynasty. The Greeks were thereafter on the defensive. The coming of Roman rule under Augustus in the next century prevented Hellenism from being absorbed. Seleucids - Syria Seleucus I Nicator (c. ) was the son of the Macedonian Antiochus. The names Seleucus and Antiochus alternate through the Seleucid dynasty. Seleucus I (Nicator) Antiochus I (Soter) Antiochus II (Theos) Seleucus II (Callinicus) Seleucus III (Soter) Antiochus III (the Great) Seleucus IV (Philopator) Antiochus IV (Epiphanes) Antiochus V (Eupator) Demetrius I (Soter) Alexander Balas Demetrius II (Nicator) Antiochus VI (Epiphanes) Antiochus VII (Euergetes, also Sidetes) Antiochus VIII (Grypus) Antiochus IX (Cyzikenus) 312-281 281-261 261-246 246-225 225-223 223-187 18 7- 175 175-163 163-162 162-150 150-145 145-139, 129-125 145-138 139113 8- 129 125-96 115-95 18 BACKGROUNDS OF EARLY CHRISTIANITY Seleucus obtained the satrapy (territory) of Babylonia after Alexander's death, but was not able to gain secure control until 312, from which year the Seleucid era of dating begins.
Boston, 1913. Bevan, E. R. History of Egypt under the Ptolemaic Dynasty. London, 1927. Hansen, Esther V. The Attalids of Pergamon. , 1947. Downey, G. A History of Antioch in Syria. Princeton, 1961. Welles, C. B. Alexander and the Hellenistic World. Toronto, 1970. Fraser, P. M. Ptolemaic Alexandria. 3 vols. Oxford, 1972. Grant, M. From Alexander to Cleopatra: The Hellenistic World. New York, 1982. Gruen, E. S. The Hellenistic World and the Coming of Rome. 2 vols. Berkeley, 1984. Lewis, N. Greeks in Ptolemaic Egypt.