Aux origines de l'identite franco-ontarienne: Education, by Chad Gaffield

By Chad Gaffield

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La correspondance des responsables scolaires montre aussi qu'ils considéraient que la population du comté de Prescott était divisée en deux groupes : les francophones ayant des racines au Québec, et les anglophones originaires des îles britanniques. Les différences entre les divers groupes anglophones s'effaçaient devant cette division fondamentale. Par ailleurs, le fait de ne distinguer que ces deux groupes culturels donne un cadre historique pertinent à l'étude de l'histoire des écoles de langue française dans le comté de Prescott au 19e siècle.

Sa tâche d'éducateur la plus remplie consistait, écrivait-il, à continuellement essayer « de convaincre les parents et les tuteurs d'enfants de l'utilité de l'instruction 43 ». Les surintendants locaux croyaient que les nouveaux colons canadiens-français venaient d'un environnement où la réussite scolaire avait peu d'importance et qu'ils étaient ainsi plus réticents que les autres résidents des comtés de l'est à donner leur appui au nouveau système scolaire. Dans les régions anglophones, selon les responsables de l'éducation, les résidents étaient de plus en plus férus d'instruction au milieu du siècle.

Comme on peut le supposer, les décideurs anglophones qui élaboraient des lois, au mieux comprenaient vaguement la vie de francophones et, au pire, en avaient une perception faussée ou les ignoraient. Pourtant, ils ont été fondamentalement à la base du conflit culturel sur la langue d'enseignement des minorités en Ontario de la fin du 19e siècle. 52 CHAPITRE DEUX « Envahisseurs » et « fugitifs » ou familles en mouvement? La place à accorder à l'enseignement dans la langue d'une minorité soulève toujours des débats passionnés quand les types de population sont en train de changer.

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