By Peter Chalk
This ebook examines key advancements resulting in the deployment of the foreign Peacekeeping strength for East Timor and assesses the influence of this intervention on Canberra's destiny security, safety and international coverage making plans.
Read Online or Download Australian Foreign and Defense Policy in the Wake of the 1999 2000 East Timor Intervention PDF
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Additional resources for Australian Foreign and Defense Policy in the Wake of the 1999 2000 East Timor Intervention
Nothing in Howard’s letter supported the immediate assumption of independence. Rather, the idea was to give the province sweeping powers of autonomy, with full control over all areas except defense, finance, and foreign policy, and the five principles of pancasila that constitute Indonesia’s state philosophy: a belief in one supreme god, humanism, nationalism, popular sovereignty, and social justice (Defense officials, October 16, 2000). Similar sentiments were expressed by Dr. Leonard Sebastian during interviews held at the Institute of Defense and Strategic Studies, Singapore, in October 2000.
171–189; and Stokes, 1996, pp. ) 3 For a detailed summary of East Timor's main economic and social development indicators, see East Timor: Report of the Senate Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade References Committee, 1999, pp. 7–33. The East Timor Issue and Its Impact on Australian-Indonesian Relations 31 The decisive moment for East Timorese nationalism occurred not in Southeast Asia but in Europe. Since the 1920s, a succession of authoritarian right-wing governments had ruled Portugal, involving the country in various anticolonial conflicts, including wars in Mozambique, Angola, and Guinea Bissau.
This more overt stance proved to be critical in helping to define negotiations between Indonesia and Portugal, which culminated with the May 1999 comprehensive agreement on East Timor and subsequent UNAMET-administered popular consultation (Cotton, 2000c; Cotton, 1999, pp. 238–239; Downer, 2000, p. 6). It was with the civil violence that followed this ballot, however, that the true extent of the shift in Australia’s Indonesia policy became most apparent. Canberra was not only one of the most vocal critics of Jakarta’s inability to halt ______________ 26 Irian Jaya is now known as West Papua.