By Maggie O'Neill
Problems with asylum, migration, humanitarian defense and integration/belonging are of starting to be curiosity past the disciplinary parts of refugee stories, migration, and social coverage. Rooted in additional than twenty years of scholarship, this e-book makes use of serious social concept and participatory, biographical and humanities established tools with asylum seekers, refugees and rising groups to discover the dynamics of the asylum-migration-community nexus. It argues that inter-disciplinary research is needed to accommodate the complexity of the problems concerned and bargains figuring out as praxis (purposeful knowledge), drawing upon cutting edge participatory, arts dependent, performative and coverage proper study.
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Extra info for Asylum, Migration and Community
Fifty-one per cent of people ‘of concern’ identified by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in 2002 were women. A report to the UNHCR suggests that, while women and men may face the same kind of harm, ‘women are often subject to specific forms of gender-related abuse and violence such as rape, abduction, or offers of protection, documents or assistance in exchange for sex’ (Watters, 2007b, p 3). As Sales (2007) and Koffman et al (2000) show, female migration has been identified with domestic service work and ‘invisible’ labour (Anderson, 1993) as well as a ‘commodified racialised identity’ as domestic and service workers (Anderson, 1993, p 677).
Marfleet (2006) and Pickering (2005) argue that the state needs to be called into account for responses to asylum and refugee issues. Pickering (2005, p 1) describes the responses of governments as illegitimate and potentially criminal. Indeed, she defines state responses to refugees in the North as embedded in law and order politics and policies that are maintained via hegemonic relations across three levels of society: civil society (identified in media representations); law enforcement (administration of the law); and domestic and international legal mechanisms (the courts and international human rights regimes).
But states themselves are abandoning their responsibilities: the most wealthy, powerful and stable states take the most calculating approach towards refugees, who may be punished again and again simply because they have been displaced, they are poor, and they are vulnerable. The three regimes are defined as: • population exchange and border adjustments • international humanitarian protection • the era of regional solutions: the age of the camps. Population exchange and border adjustments The first regime emerged in the inter-war years (between the First and Second World Wars):‘population exchange and border adjustments became the major model for dealing with a refugee population’ (Adelman, 1999, p 90) linked inextricably to the creation and protection of nation states.