Alternatives to prison: options for an insecure society by A. E. Bottoms, Sue Rex, Gwen Robinson

By A. E. Bottoms, Sue Rex, Gwen Robinson

Because the united kingdom and lots of different western societies stand up to the results of a speedily expanding criminal inhabitants, so the quest for replacement techniques to punishment and working with offenders has develop into an more and more pressing precedence for presidency coverage and society as an entire. This e-book studies the result of the examine programme commissioned through the Coulsfield Inquiry into choices to felony, which was once funded via the Esm?e Fairbairn 'Rethinking Crime and Punishment' initiative. it's written through major experts within the box, and offers a finished, authoritative and wide-ranging evaluate of the variety of concerns linked to using noncustodial sanctions, studying stories in Scotland and northerly eire in addition to England and Wales.

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To this end, in 1982 the Probation Board (Northern Ireland) Order inaugurated one province-wide probation service, to be governed by a community-based Board, but with 100 per cent funding from the Northern Ireland Office. Since its inception, the Probation Board for Northern Ireland (PBNI) has placed a particular emphasis on working in partnership with local communities. g. by providing services seven days a week (Gadd 1996). The Board currently devotes 20 per cent of its annual budget to funding ‘community development’ projects (Rooney 2004).

Nonetheless, in defining its ‘mission’ as ‘Integrating offenders in the community by effective assessment and supervision thereby reducing re-offending and contributing to public protection’,33 the PBNI has clearly taken on board the emphasis on public safety which has risen to prominence in other parts of the UK. As in other parts of the UK, Northern Ireland has seen a proliferation of community sentencing options in recent years. Northern Ireland’s 17 Alternatives to Prison response to the 1991 Criminal Justice Act involved the publication of Crime and the Community (NIO 1993), which proposed an enhanced range of community penalties, including the combination order.

2003) ‘Thinking about the demand for probation services’, Probation Journal, 50(1), 7–19. National Probation Directorate (2001) Probation Circular 145/2001, Consultation on Sentencing Reform: National Probation Service Response (London: Home Office). National Probation Service (2001) A New Choreography: An integrated strategy for the National Probation Service (London: Home Office). Nellis, M. (2002) ‘Probation, partnership and civil society’, in D. Ward, J. Scott and M. Lacey (eds), Probation: Working for justice, 2nd edition (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

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