By David I. Kertzer, Peter Laslett
Because of enhanced foodstuff, drugs, and dwelling stipulations, the typical age of the inhabitants is expanding through the smooth industrialized global. but, regardless of the new upsurge of scholarly curiosity within the lives of older humans and the blossoming of historic demography, little ancient demographic realization has been paid to the lives of the aged. A landmark quantity, getting older some time past marks the emergence of the old demographic research of aging.Following a masterly explication of the hot box via Peter Laslett, prime students in kin heritage and ancient demography provide new examine effects and clean analyses that vastly elevate our knowing of getting older, traditionally and throughout cultures. Focusing totally on post-Industrial Europe and the U.S., they discover a number of matters below the extensive themes of dwelling preparations, widowhood, and retirement and mortality. this significant paintings offers a much-needed historic viewpoint on and indicates attainable replacement suggestions to the issues of the elderly.
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Extra resources for Aging in the Past: Demography, Society, and Old Age (Studies in Demography, 7)
In addition to these sources, transfers to the dependent elderly from towns and charitable institutions of all kinds, together with a system of elderly privileges, such as licenses to beg, to glean after the harvest, to ransack the hedgerows ― 49 ― for firewood, or even to pilfer, had been present in the traditional European social structure from time immemorial. There were multifarious arrangements for dealing with the incapacitated elderly, often agreed between the family and the collectivity, circulating them between households—of children, of kin, and of neighbors—and putting them into institutions where such existed.
If the proletarians did write off their old age in the Before, they were acting rationally, especially if public money was there to support them in old age as it certainly was in London during the 1930s. But they were behaving as if prompted by processional knowledge, knowledge of a kind that must inform the writing of the history of aging and especially its demography. Our further example is the same set of circumstances looked at from another point of view. In discussing transfers of resources, social as well as familial, to those in late life in the West, it is properly supposed that the recipients receive these resources as of right, as a part of the normative structure of the society they live in.
17. Proportion of population age 65 and older: China, Hong Kong, Japan, Malaysia, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand, 1950-2050. ified. 15 for expectation of life in Asia as a whole during this interlude (taken from Keyfitz and Flieger 1990) does not suggest that the entire continent will have a longer-lived population than the West. 3, above). It is important to note that all the individual countries and areas shown in the figure have by now stepped over the threshold of the 3AI. 16 shows Japan overtaking European countries in proportions of elderly persons and rapidly acquiring the oldest age composition yet contemplated.