Adaptive Dynamics of Infectious Diseases: In Pursuit of by Ulf Dieckmann, Johan A. J. Metz, Maurice W. Sabelis, Karl

By Ulf Dieckmann, Johan A. J. Metz, Maurice W. Sabelis, Karl Sigmund

This monograph takes inventory of our present wisdom at the evolutionary ecology of infectious illnesses, and units out the targets for the administration of virulent pathogens. through the textual content, the elemental strategies and strategies underlying the versions are rigorously defined in a different sequence of built-in bins.

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Extra info for Adaptive Dynamics of Infectious Diseases: In Pursuit of Virulence Management

Example text

Macroparasites can be further classified as ectoparasites (such as ticks, fleas, mites, leeches, and several fungi) if they live on the host’s skin, hairs, ears, or other cavities, or endoparasites (typically helminth worms, such as platyhelminths, nematodes, and acanthocephalans) when they live inside the host (in the gut or lungs, for example). In the classic epidemiological analysis of microparasitic diseases, it is usually difficult to quantify the actual number of parasites within the host, because they are very small and reproduce quickly.

A mosquito). No Malaria Waterborne Propagules are transmitted through water. In humans they typically cause diarrhea and can be transmitted by alternative modes: directly (person-to-person) or indirectly (person-to-food-to-person). No Cholera Sit-and-wait Propagules are shed into the environment where they remain until picked up by another host. Their greater durability in the external environment distinguishes them from directly transmitted pathogens. No Smallpox Attendantborne Propagules are picked up by No attendants, generally on hands, and transmitted to susceptible hosts without infecting the attendants.

Canine distemper virus, for example, killed over 70% of the last remaining free-living colony of black-footed ferrets (Thorne and Williams 1988). Striking evidence of the impact of infectious diseases on wildlife populations comes from outbreaks that have occurred following the introduction of a pathogen into a new area. The extinction of nearly half the endemic bird fauna of the Hawaiian Islands resulted from the combined effects of habitat alteration and the introduction of bird pathogens such as malaria and bird pox (Van Riper et al.

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