By Jens Nieling, Ellen Rehm
For 2 hundred years, from the second one 1/2 the 6th century to the many years earlier than 330 BC, the Persian dynasty of the Achaemenids governed a huge empire stretching from the Mediterranean Sea to Afghanistan and India. the nice Kings Dareios I and Xerxes I even attempted to overcome Greece and the northern Black Sea territories. even though they failed, elements of Thrace did turn into a part of their dominion for a quick interval. The query regularly rises as to why the good Kings have been attracted to the western and northern Pontic zones. unlike a few of the different satrapies, similar to Egypt, Phoenicia and Syria, the Black Sea had no wealthy towns or provinces to supply. One attainable resolution could be the need to beat every thing of the identified global. After 479 BC, apparently the nice Kings stated the truth that the coast and the Caucasus shaped the ordinary borders in their Empire. The satraps, however, couldn't stay away from turning into excited about the affairs of the Black Sea quarter with the intention to protect the frontiers they'd proven. that they had to include the Greeks, as approved population in their province, into the Persian administrative process. almost certainly they completed this by way of granting them the monopoly in sea exchange and utilizing the Anatolian Greeks because the major energetic bearers and transmitters of Persian customs and tradition. extra examine into this bankruptcy of Persian historical past continues to be required.
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1985. ) 1985, 9-28. Donnellan, L. 2006. Ethnic identity in the western Black Sea area: The cases of Histria, Kallatis and Apollonia Pontika 7th-4th/3th centuries BC, Talanta 36-37, 189-267. Ebbinghaus, S. 1999. R. ), Ancient Greeks West and East. Leiden-Boston-Cologne, 385-425. Fless, F. ) 2005. Bilder und Objekte als Träger kultureller Identität und interkultureller Kommunikation im Schwarzmeergebiet. Kolloqium in Zschortau/ Sachsen. Rahden. Fol, A. L. Hammond 19882. M. Lewis, J. Boardman, S. Hornblower & M.
They were lying in a circle around a unique “halter”, which was covered with wood and reeds. 56 Vladimir R. Erlikh Fig. 9. Plan of kurgan 1/2007. Two of the horses had iron looped bits (Fig. 2-3). A bone looped strapseparator was found along with the horse-bits of one of these horses (Fig. 1). It is an imitation of the bronze “Sialk”-type separators and is the first such find of its kind in the Kuban region. G. 21 In the northern part of the kurgan, also left untouched by the trench, a heap of pottery sherds was found (including a large clay “korchaga” (Fig.
13 Stucky 2005, 200-203. 14 On this eclecticism, or rather on creolization as a Hekatomnid strategy, see Carstens forthcoming b. 15 Sekunda 1991, 88-91. Bibliography Boardman, J. 1970. Pyramidal stamp seals in the Persian empire, Iran 8, 19-45. M. 2009. Karia and the Hekatomnids – the Creation of a Dynasty. Oxford. M. forthcoming a. Achaemenids in Labraunda – a case of imperial presence in a rural sanctuary in Karia, in: L. Karlsson & P. ), Karia and Labraunda. Proceedings of the International Symposium 60 Years of Swedish Research in Labraunda, Stockholm 20-22 November 2008 (BOREAS).