A Hole in the Head: More Tales in the History of by Charles G. Gross

By Charles G. Gross

Neuroscientist Charles Gross has been attracted to the historical past of his box because his days as an undergraduate. A gap within the Head is the second one number of essays during which he illuminates the examine of the mind with attention-grabbing episodes from the prior. This volume’s stories variety from the historical past of trepanation (drilling a gap within the cranium) to neurosurgery as painted via Hieronymus Bosch to the invention that bats navigate utilizing echolocation.

The emphasis is on blind alleys and mistakes in addition to triumphs and discoveries, with old practices hooked up to contemporary advancements and controversies. Gross first reaches again into the beginnings of neuroscience, then takes up the interplay of paintings and neuroscience, exploring, between different issues, Rembrandt’s “Anatomy Lesson” work, and eventually, examines discoveries by way of scientists whose paintings used to be scorned of their personal time yet confirmed right in later eras.

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19 Perhaps because of these disputes, or because of an epidemic in Rome, Galen returned to Pergamon. Soon after, the co-emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus recalled him to accompany their troops in the field. He talked his way out of this assignment by becoming personal physician to Marcus’s son Commodus. He continued to serve Commodus when he became emperor and treated the subsequent emperor Septimus Severus as well. Galen repeatedly boasted that as the result of his professional accomplishments he became well known to all the leading philosophers and writers of his time as well as all the emperors.

21 Chapter 1 A Hole in the Head 15. Hippocrates, 1927; Rocca, 2003a. , 2008. 16. Hippocrates, 1927. 17. Majno, 1975. 18. , 2008. 19. Guanzhong, 1991; the real Hua Tuo (ca. 200) had ‘‘enduring fame’’ as a surgeon for using some type of general anesthesia in surgery, for medical gymnastics (Frolics of the Five Animals), and for his skill as an acupuncturist (Lu and Needham, 1980). , the emperor su¤ered from migraine, mental disturbances, and dizziness, and Hua Tuo gave acupuncture at a point in the sole of the foot and he was immediately cured.

16. Hippocrates, 1927. 17. Majno, 1975. 18. , 2008. 19. Guanzhong, 1991; the real Hua Tuo (ca. 200) had ‘‘enduring fame’’ as a surgeon for using some type of general anesthesia in surgery, for medical gymnastics (Frolics of the Five Animals), and for his skill as an acupuncturist (Lu and Needham, 1980). , the emperor su¤ered from migraine, mental disturbances, and dizziness, and Hua Tuo gave acupuncture at a point in the sole of the foot and he was immediately cured. Since Lu and Needham’s classic, Hua Tuo has become popular on Chinese medicine Internet sites, there are a number of remedies named after him, and there is even a translation of his supposed work Classic of the Central Viscera (Hua Tuo, 1993).

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