A Clean Sweep?: The Politics of Ethnic Cleansing in Western by T. David Curp

By T. David Curp

A fresh Sweep? The Politics of Ethnic detoxification in Western Poland, 1945-1960 examines the long term influence of ethnic detoxification on postwar Poland, concentrating on the western Polish provinces of Poznan and Zielona G?ra. applying archival fabrics from a number of resources, together with newly to be had mystery Police information, it demonstrates how ethnic detoxification solidified Communist rule within the brief time period whereas reshaping and "nationalizing" that rule. The Poles of Poznan performed a vital position within the postwar nationwide revolution within which Poland used to be ethnically cleansed by way of a joint attempt of the folks and nation. A ensuing nationwide harmony supplied the Communist-dominated regime with an underlying balance, whereas it reworked what have been a militantly internationalist Polish Communism. This booklet addresses the legacy of Polish-German clash that resulted in ethnic detoxification in East primary Europe, the ramifications in the context of Polish Stalinism's social and cultural revolutions, and the next anti-national counterrevolutionary attempt to wreck the bonds of nationwide cohesion. eventually, it examines how the Poznan milieu undermined after which reversed Stalinist efforts at socioeconomic and cultural revolution. within the aftermath of the Poznan rebel of June 1956, the regime's management re-embraced hyper-nationalist politics and activists, and through 1960 Polish professionals had succeeded in stabilizing their rule on the fee of turning into an more and more nationwide socialist polity. T. David Curp is assistant professor within the division of heritage at Ohio collage.

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Extra info for A Clean Sweep?: The Politics of Ethnic Cleansing in Western Poland, 1945-1960 (Rochester Studies in Central Europe)

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From its beginning as a splinter movement in the most radical circles of the Polish left in the late nineteenth century, Polish Communists were committed to internationalism. They bound the fate of the Polish working class to the success of revolutionary socialism in the Russian Empire. Their most famous theorists and activists of revolutionary international socialism, Roża Luxemburg and Feliks Dzierżynski, even argued that Polish independence, the goal of nationally revolutionary political strivings across the political spectrum, was a poisoned chalice for the working class.

This “primitive Communism” on the part of individual thieves and gangs of Soviet and Polish looters, and administrators (often one and the same) and settlers, also furthered the destruction of eastern Germany as a necessary prelude to the region’s ethnic cleansing. Wiesław Lauter, the teacher who had witnessed the celebration of German martial prowess in Schwerin (Skwierzyn) before the war, survived the years of Nazi occupation by remaining in hiding; he provides a window into this process.

It was in Warthegau that the Nazis created the first death camp in Poland, where they first used poison gas to execute prisoners in Chełmno (Kulmhof). In Poznań, Himmler gave an infamous speech on October 4, 1943, in which he spoke openly of the extermination of the Jewish people to a select audience of SS officers. 82 In this environment of pervasive German control and terror in Wartheland, Poles found themselves once again more objects than subjects. qxd 9/5/2006 7:04 PM Page 29 How the East Was Lost 29 forced labor and constant arrests by the Gestapo, facilitated by the local knowledge that many of the region’s Volksdeutsche possessed, repeatedly broke the back of Polish efforts to organize.

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